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The Principle and Training of The Mind


Author: Venerable Chwasan / English Edition / Pages: 408 / Paperback

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Venerable Chwasan


408 pages


Residence of the Prime Dharma Master Emeritus







6.0 (W) * 8.3 (H) * 0.8 (D), inches

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Minds, minds, minds-they represent the whole of life and human history. It is the mind that creates individual destinies of fortune and misfortune, calamity and happiness, and it is the mind that creates the world’s history of rising and falling, prosperity and decline. The mind has been the protagonist of the history of human civilization, of everything save the events of nature. Even the materialist and scientific perspectives that reject the existence of the mind are its products. If there is a creator behind the phenomena of nature, then it is the mind that has produced all the phenomena of human civilization.

Yet we human beings are wanting not only in our understanding of the mind but also in our efforts to delve deeply into it. Our attention to the mind is sadly lacking.

Reams of scholarship have been devoted to the various objective things existing in this world. People specialize in their different areas, which have become further and further specialized to allow for a closer approach. Study of and attention to the subjective mind, however, is not only minimal but forever prone to being neglected. And with the arrival of a materialistic society in recent years, the situation can only be said to be growing ever more serious.

The only fields of scholarship that focus on the mind today are psychology and epistemology (which focus on knowledge among philosophy’s three core issues of existence, knowledge, and values), along with the study of the Way in the East. And even these fields now find themselves off in a lonely corner, struggling against the pressures of materialistic thought.

My response to this is the book that you are holding now, a kind of “commentary on the mind” that arose from an acute sense of the need­ nay, desperate urgency-for knowledge of the mind, for understanding and managing it for what it is. I hope that it may offer at least a small light in the darkness for a mind-world that is becoming ever more bruised and battered.

These days, we can see the effects of mind-practice everywhere in educational institutions, workplaces, and families, and this in spite of the fact that its use is still very basic and untested. If a more concrete approach can be developed and adopted widely, this will be a great cause for celebration for the future of ourselves and the worlds.

The books consists of three sections.

Part One includes an articulation of the principles of the mind. In it, I give an introduction to the mind and describe its aspects, contents, and scope

Part Two offers a description of the principles of cultivation. In it, I pose the question (hwadu) of what kind of object the mind is and present issues for our cultivation to discipline the mind.

Part Three focuses on practical matters in our cultivation. In it, I discuss the way in which we plan our cultivation, our vow and repentance for the sake of cultivation, our mindfulness and one-mindedness, things that hinder our cultivation, our cultivation diaries, and the stages of practice.

I have also appended reference materials to aid our cultivation.

Won Symbol  ABOUT THE AUTHOR  Thin Line

Chwasan previously served as the fourth Prime Dharma Master of Won Buddhism. He is a practical seeker of truth, using the wisdom attained through mind-practice as a basis for providing specific solutions on everything from matters of persona l health to politics, business, and everyday living. Having suffered the loss of half his liver from cirrhosis in his twenties and developed diabetes in his forties, Chwasan has been at the crossroads of life and death on numerous occasions. Today, however, he remains as healthy in his late seventies as a man in his forties or fifties, thanks to rules of good health obtained through mind cultivation and Sasang typology. Since stepping down as Prime Dharma Master in 2006, he has lived on the foothills of Mt. Mireuksan in Iksan, North Jeolla Province, practicing and exerting himself based on three vows: world peace, reunification of South and North Korea, and healing the mind of the modern individual.

Won Symbol  CONTENTS  Thin Line



Part I. Principles of the Mind

Chapter 1. Introduction to the Mind

The Principles of the Mind

The Reality of the Neglected Mind

The Works of the Mind


Chapter 2. Aspects of the Mind

The Mind’s Ordinary Aspect

The Mind’s Linear Aspect

The Mind’s Planar Aspect

The Mind’s Solid Aspect

The Content of the Mind

The Mind’s Root and Base, Stem and Branches

Chapter 3. The Mind’s Content and Scope

Truth, Nature, Knowledge, Feeling, Intention, and More

Spirit, Energy, Substance, and the Mind

Principles of the Soul and Body

The Mind and the Workings of Cause and Effect

The Mind, Karma, and Samsara

The Mind and Paths of Progression and Regression

The Mind and Self-Cultivation, Household Affairs,

Governing Countries, and Keeping the World in Peace

The Mind and Health

Defilements and Supreme Enlightenment


Part II. Principles of Cultivation

Chapter 4. What Kind of Object Is the Mind?

Something to Be Sought

Something to Be Guarded

Something to Be Illuminated

Something .to Be Straightened

Something to Be Tamed

Something to Be Cultivated

Something to Be Filled

Something to Be Harnessed

Something to Be Purified

Something to Be Emptied

Chapter 5. Practice to Cultivate the Mind

Reason and Practice

The Possibilities of Mind Cultivation

The Mind and Sensory Conditions

The Resources of Mind-Practice

Threefold Study: The Three Elements of the Mind’s Life

Nine Paths for Daily Cultivation

The Quickest Expedient to Attain the Three Great Powers in Action and Rest

Overcoming Difficult Hurdles


Part III. The Reality of Cultivation

Chapter 6. Our Cultivation Plan

Lifetime Plan

Yearly Plan

Daily Plan

Chapter 7. Our Vow and Repentance

Our Vow and Repentance

Chapter 8. Mindfulness and One-Mindedness

Mindfulness and One-Mindedness

Chapter 9. What Stops Us from Reaching the Realm of True Cultivation

What Stops Us from Reaching the Realm of True Cultivation

Chapter 10. Our Cultivation Diaries

Our Cultivation Diaries

The Dharma of Daily Diary-Keeping

The Dharma of Fixed-Term Diaπ-Keeping

Chapter 11. The Stages of Mind-Practice

The Four Stages of the Mind

The Three Grades and Three Statuses

The Equation of the Unequaled Realm

The Six Stages of Practice with the Il-Won-Sang Transmission Verse

The Pinnacle of Practice


A Final Word



The Dharma of Seated Meditation in The Principal Book of Won-Buddhism

Stages and Standards for Major Areas

Stages of the Threefold Study by Dharma Rank

Dharma and Standards of Status Examination

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